Monday, 13 June 2016

How to make a fire without matches or a lighter

Build a tinder nest. Your tinder nest will be used to create the flame you get from the spark you're about to create. ... Make your notch. ... Place bark underneath the notch. ... Start spinning. ... Start a fire! ... Prepare your fireboard. ... Rub! ... Start a fire.

Field Expedient lean to

Field-Expedient Lean-To If you are in a wooded area and have enough natural materials, you can make a field-expedient lean-to (Figure 5-9) without the aid of tools or with only a knife. It takes longer to make this type of shelter than it does to make other types, but it will protect you from the elements. You will need two trees (or upright poles) about 2 meters apart; one pole about 2 meters long and 2.5 centimeters in diameter; five to eight poles about 3 meters long and 2.5 centimeters in diameter for beams; cord or vines for securing the horizontal support to the trees; and other poles, saplings, or vines to crisscross the beams. To make this lean-to-- Tie the 2-meter pole to the two trees at waist to chest height. This is the horizontal support. If a standing tree is not available, construct a biped using Y-shaped sticks or two tripods. Place one end of the beams (3-meter poles) on one side of the horizontal support. As with all lean-to type shelters, be sure to place the lean-to's backside into the wind. Crisscross saplings or vines on the beams. Cover the framework with brush, leaves, pine needles, or grass, starting at the bottom and working your way up like shingling. Place straw, leaves, pine needles, or grass inside the shelter for bedding. In cold weather, add to your lean-to's comfort by building a fire reflector wall (Figure 5-9). Drive four 1.5-meter-long stakes into the ground to support the wall. Stack green logs on top of one another between the support stakes. Form two rows of stacked logs to create an inner space within the wall that you can fill with dirt. This action not only strengthens the wall but makes it more heat reflective. Bind the top of the support stakes so that the green logs and dirt will stay in place. With just a little more effort you can have a drying rack. Cut a few 2-centimeter-diameter poles (length depends on the distance between the lean-to's horizontal support and the top of the fire reflector wall). Lay one end of the poles on the lean-to support and the other end on top of the reflector wall. Place and tie into place smaller sticks across these poles. You now have a place to dry clothes, meat, or fish.
Three pole parachute tree. To make this tepee (Figure 5-4)-- Lay the poles on the ground and lash them together at one end. Stand the framework up and spread the poles to form a tripod. For more support, place additional poles against the tripod. Five or six additional poles work best, but do not lash them to the tripod. Determine the wind direction and locate the entrance 90 degrees or more from the mean wind direction. Lay out the parachute on the "backside" of the tripod and locate the bridle loop (nylon web loop) at the top (apex) of the canopy. Place the bridle loop over the top of a free-standing pole. Then place the pole back up against the tripod so that the canopy's apex is at the same height as the lashing on the three poles. Wrap the canopy around one side of the tripod. The canopy should be of double thickness, as you are wrapping an entire parachute. You need only wrap half of the tripod, as the remainder of the canopy will encircle the tripod in the opposite direction. Construct the entrance by wrapping the folded edges of the canopy around two free-standing poles. You can then place the poles side by side to close the tepee's entrance. Place all extra canopy underneath the tepee poles and inside to create a floor for the shelter. Leave a 30- to 50-centimeter opening at the top for ventilation if you intend to have a fire inside the tepee.

Sunday, 10 April 2016

Fires hit school, community garden in Wellington suburb of Paparangi

1. What is the issue that your article is raising?
A Fire At a school in Wellington.2. What are the different points of view with the issue?
The fire hit the shed first then it hit the garden.3. What are the different solutions for the issue?
Couldve watched out for fire hazards
4. What is your own opinion on the issue?
Its unusual and weird






Fires hit school, community garden in Wellington suburb of Paparangi

Two fires were reported in quick succession in Paparangi, near Johnsonville.
MAARTEN HOLL/ FAIRFAX NZ
Two fires were reported in quick succession in Paparangi, near Johnsonville.
Two fires in the same Wellington neighbourhood overnight were believed to have been deliberately lit.
On Sunday night, the fire service received reports of a shed set alight in Jay Street Community Gardens near Bushland Grove, Paparangi, in the capital's northern suburbs.
Later, a shed fire was reported at Paparangi School on Beazley Ave, about 300m away.

Police and a canine unit were at the scene near the school in the early hours of Monday.

READ MORE: 
Paparangi pupils back at school after fire 

Thursday, 7 April 2016

Current Events

Man to be sentenced over stabbing murder

1. What is the issue that your article is raising?

The issue is a man who got sentenced for stabbing someone to death

2. What are the different points of view with the issue?

He stabbed a lady named Sherena Williams at a party
3. What are the different solutions for the issue?

He should of got a ride home and made sure he didn't drink too much.

4. What is your own opinion on the issue?
I think he drank to much and he didnt control himself, he needs to go to jail